complications of obesityJudging by the WHO statistics, as of the year 2016, 13% of the world’s population were obese, whereas 39% had an excessive weight. Such figures give grounds to think that the number of obese people will grow with time. Having a body mass index higher than 30 (that’s the threshold of obesity) may provoke various health complications. They may be dangerous or even life-threatening. Let’s have a look at the most frequently met complications of obesity to know what to be ready for.

Hypertension
Wrong eating habits and lack of activeness are the main reasons for obesity. Nevertheless, both factors may trigger another ailment called atherosclerosis. It is an accumulation of bad cholesterol together with other particles, which form an atherosclerotic plaque on the walls of the blood vessels. This process makes the lumen of the arteries narrower thus increasing the pressure of circulating blood on the arteries.

At first, people have a slightly elevated blood pressure yet, as the affliction progresses, they develop high blood pressure. It is a very hazardous condition as the probability of heart attack and stroke raises several times.

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
Every movement is several times more difficult for a person having an excessive weight compared to the one with a normal body mass. That’s because obese people cannot breathe deep and fast enough to support a sufficient level of oxygen in the blood. Hence, the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood is higher than it is needed, which results in breathlessness, lack of energy, fatigue, and excessive sleepiness. This condition is called obesity hypoventilation syndrome. It is believed to be caused by excessive pressure of weight on the chest.

Sexual problems
Obesity is a factor of risk for lots of ailments. Some of them, like atherosclerosis and type 2 diabetes, may also become the cause of erectile dysfunction. The higher the body mass index is, the higher the probability of erectile difficulties is. The statistic says that 79% of men suffering from sexual disorders have excessive body mass. Men, whose BMI is 30 and higher are three times more predisposed to impotence than males with a normal weight.

One of the reasons for impotence in obese males is an excess of female sex hormones. Their secretion increases due to the fat tissue, which amount is higher in obese individuals. As a result, the level of testosterone (a hormone responsible for libido, potency and fertility in men) reduces and sexual functions get worse. That’s why obesity is considered a serious factor of risk for loss of male power.

Type 2 diabetes
Overweight and obese people are very likely to evolve type 2 diabetes. It is especially probable for men due to the way their bodies store fat. It accumulates on the waist. Hence, the probability of diabetes grows together with waist circumference. Resistance to insulin, which is the core feature of type 2 diabetes, is more likely to appear in obese people. Furthermore, obese pregnant women may also evolve gestational diabetes, which is risky for both mother and child.

Bowel disorders
Poor quality or excess of food, which are common causes of obesity, affect the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Obese people may often have a stomach pain, diarrhea or constipation, bloating or even irritable bowel syndrome.

Fatty and spicy dishes harm the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestine. Overeating also has a negative effect on the process of digestion. The only way to improve gut health for obese patients is to alter their eating habits, start choosing healthy foods and undergo a serious medical treatment in case diet changes won’t better the situation.