Excessive sleepiness is a rather common disorder that appears as a result of numerous medical abnormalities. Sleep apnea and a range of other health problems can become real culprits here. However, sometimes it is an ultimately complicated task to find out the real cause of the condition development. But, first, it is necessary to define the problem.

Excessive sleepiness can have different symptoms and be accompanied by other signs, especially:

  • Problems waking up in the morning;
  • Naps do not help you overcome sleepiness;
  • Abnormal sleepiness during waking hours;
  • Anxiety,¬†depression and irritability;
  • Memory disorders and thinking issues;
  • Decreased appetite and others.

According to the statistics, over 20% of people experience severe symptoms of sleepiness that interfere with their normal functioning and everyday life.

Causes of Abnormal Sleepiness and Possible Treatments

Working at night or completing other tasks is one of the most common disorders related to sleepiness. Additionally, alcohol intake, drugs, cigarettes use, obesity, sedentary lifestyle and multiple other conditions can become the reason for abnormal sleepiness occurrence. Additionally, a range of underlying health abnormalities can launch the disorder, including sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy, etc.

Here are the most typical causes of excess sleepiness occurrence and their treatments:

  • Restless legs syndrome. This disorder is associated with unpleasant feelings in the legs and an urge to move them. Additionally, the issue can cause jerky leg movements every 30 seconds during the night. Besides, it can influence other parts of the body. Most commonly, the symptoms of RLS aggravate when you rest or sleep, which frequently interrupt sleep and cause further aggravations. Sometimes, the signs of restless leg syndrome can be so bad that it can be mistaken for¬†insomnia.

At this point, you need to contact your medical specialist as soon as possible. Your doctor will prescribe effective drugs to overcome the symptoms of restless legs syndrome and deal with sleepiness. Vitamin B12, folate supplements, anti-seizure drugs, antiparkinsonian medications, opiates, benzodiazepines and other pharmaceuticals can be prescribed, depending on the individual health state.

  • Sleep apnea. This disorder is becoming an ultimately common reason for sleepiness. The condition appears in case the upper airway collapses for over 10 seconds during sleep. The disorder can be central and obstructive, interfering with different parts of the body. Because of the breathing interruption, your sleep is impaired, too, so you experience.

It is necessary to remember that the medical condition is rather harmful and can lead to other health disorders, including heart complications, thyroid disorders, advanced blood pressure, increased hemoglobin, fatigue, diabetes, and others. The treatment presupposes the use of continuous positive airway pressure, oral appliance therapy, Modafinil or Armodafinil, weight loss and other measures;

  • Narcolepsy. It is another reason for excess sleepiness occurrence. The disorder is related to disabling daytime sleepiness and related complications. Hallucinations during sleep, confusion during the day, weak muscle control, abnormal weakness and similar problems can be triggered by this disorder. Stimulants, antidepressants, and sodium oxybate are the most powerful medications to overcome the signs of the disorder.