prostatitisThe prostate is a small gland that is vital to men’s health. It is situated below a men’s bladder, in front of the rectum. The function of this gland is to produce fluid that contains semen. When the prostate becomes inflamed, tender or swollen, you may have developed prostate problems called “prostatitis.”

When it comes to sex life, severe forms of prostatitis may cause erectile dysfunction. In milder forms, prostatitis may trigger painful ejaculation or decreased sex drive.

Prostatitis can have both bacterial and non-bacterial, acute and chronic forms. There are four types of prostatitis:

  • acute bacterial prostatitis
  • chronic bacterial prostatitis
  • chronic non-bacterial prostatitis
  • asymptomatic prostatitis

Bacterial forms of prostatitis are caused by multiple distinctive types of bacteria, some of them sexually transmitted. If you participate in unprotected sex with a partner who has certain bacteria, you can develop bacterial prostatitis. Bacteria may also get into the prostatic gland when infected urine moves from the urethra. In the lab tests, bacteria can be identified in urine, blood or prostatic fluid tests.

Acute bacterial prostatitis occurs if bacteria from the urinary tract finds its way into the prostatic gland. This type of prostatitis develops quickly. You might abruptly experience:

  • chills
  • high fever
  • trouble with peeing
  • muscle aches
  • weak urine stream
  • pain in the joints
  • back pain
  • pain behind your scrotum or around the penis base
  • a need for a bowel movement

To treat acute bacterial prostatitis, an antibiotic that is able to penetrate prostate tissue must be administered for at least 30 days.

Chronic bacterial prostatitis is more prevalent in older men. It is a mild bacterial infection that can stay for several months. Some men develop it after they have had an acute bacterial prostatitis or a urinary tract infection.

The symptoms of chronic bacterial prostatitis may come and go, which makes them easy to neglect. With this condition, patients may experience the following symptoms from time to time:

  • painful urination
  • an urgent need to urinate
  • rectum pain
  • lower back pain
  • pain after ejaculation
  • blood in the sperm
  • urinary blockage
  • a urinary tract infection

This type of prostatitis can be problematic to cure. It is treated for at least one-and-a-half months with a special antibiotic. If a prostatic abscess ensues, surgical drainage may be necessary.

Non-bacterial prostatitis can be linked to stress, irritation or nerve inflammation, as well as groin injuries or prior urinary tract infections. This form of prostatitis has no signs of bacteria in the lab tests.

Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis (CP) represents the most prevalent type of prostatitis. It shares many symptoms with bacterial prostatitis. This type may or may not involve inflammation.

The main symptoms of CP is pain that lasts for 3 months or longer in at least one of these body parts:

  • scrotum
  • at the tip of the penis
  • between your rectum and scrotum
  • lower part of abdomen
  • lower part of the back

You may also experience a weak urine stream, as well as pain when you ejaculate or urinate. You may have to urinate 8 times a day or more.

Asymptomatic prostatitis suggests having an inflammation in the prostate gland but no symptoms. You may learn you have it if your physician checks your prostatic health. Although asymptomatic prostatitis does not require any treatment, it may result in infertility.

Non-bacterial prostatitis might be difficult to treat in general. Nondrug methods may include prostate massage or sitting in a warm bath. Among drug treatments, stool softeners may be applied to relieve painful excretion. Anti-inflammatory and analgesics drugs may relieve swelling and pain. If symptoms remain severe despite treatments attempted, partial removal of the prostate gland may be pondered as a last resort.