heart attack preventionMyocardial infarction affects thousands of people every year. In the case of a heart attack, every minute is valuable, so you must be able to recognize its symptoms and call an ambulance. Every minute affects the quality of a person’s life after an attack, as well as the chances of surviving.

In accordance with the article by Neha Jadeja Pagidipati, ischemic heart disease is one of the main causes of death in the world. 40% of people die from cardiovascular illnesses, while heart attack accounts for about half of this figure.

Prevention of a Heart Attack
There are primary and secondary preventive measures. Both are aimed at preventing heart diseases. They include standard precautions such as more physical exercises, control of body weight, and getting rid of bad habits. In addition, it’s important to normalize blood pressure and lipid spectrum of the blood. Those suffering from angina and high blood pressure should also use acetylsalicylic acid – the best preventive method of a heart attack.

  • Body weight control. Every extra kilogram of fat tissue has many blood vessels, which dramatically increases the burden on the heart. For weight control, the body mass index is used, which is an important element in the heart attack treatment and prevention of myocardial infarction.
  • Physical exercise. Physical activity helps reduce body weight, improve lipid metabolism, and lower blood sugar levels. Regular exercise reduces the possibility of another heart attack by about 30%.
  • Rejection of bad habits. Smoking significantly aggravates the condition of a heart illness. Nicotine has a vasoconstrictive effect, which is extremely dangerous. Alcohol consumption is also unacceptable. It aggravates the course of a heart disease and concomitant diseases.
  • Cholesterol level in the blood. Cholesterol levels are defined within the lipid spectrum of the blood and are important. With an increased level of cholesterol, a course of treatment with special drugs is prescribed.
  • Blood pressure control. A high blood pressure significantly increases the burden on the heart. It is especially bad after a myocardial infarction. Hypertension also contributes to the progression of atherosclerosis.
  • Blood sugar level. The presence of decompensated (unregulated) diabetes affects the course of a heart disease because of the deleterious effect of elevated blood sugar levels on the vessels.

How to Recognize a Heart Attack
The main sign of a heart attack is chest pain, which is usually sharp, squeezing, and burning, and does not pass even at rest. Pain is not always felt in the heart area – it can spread to the left arm, left shoulder, neck, lower jaw or back.

Cardiologist Vilnis Dzerve stated that sometimes, especially in young people, such sensations can arise due to gastritis, stomach ulcers or spondylosis, but in any case, it is necessary to check the heart. There are other symptoms that include:

  • Choking
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness

A heart attack always happens suddenly with a pronounced weakness and a cold sweat.

How to Avoid Death after a Heart Attack
If you notice one of the symptoms of a heart attack, immediately call for an ambulance. In the case of an acute myocardial infarction, every minute counts. Do not expect that the symptoms will pass – you will only waste your time, which affects the person’s chances of surviving and the quality of life after a heart attack.

In acute myocardial infarction, professional medical care in the first two hours after the attack is very important. The faster you recognize the symptoms of a heart attack in yourself or another person and call an ambulance, the higher the chances of saving a person’s life.

It’s important to monitor a healthy weight, exercise, maintain a normal level of cholesterol in the blood and blood pressure, and take drugs correctly if prescribed by the doctor.