signs of high blood pressureUncontrolled blood pressure may be a life hazard as it may go without symptoms until the patient’s condition is incurable. Early stages of the disease are difficult to notice that’s why in the majority of cases people turn for medical help when their blood pressure cannot be normalized, but it can be maintained within the safe levels.

What is hypertension?
High blood pressure, or, in other words, hypertension is a health condition characterized by slightly elevated or significantly increased pressure of the blood on the artery walls. To measure the blood pressure, we take into account two figures: systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Depending on the results of the measurement high blood pressure may be divided into

  • Elevated blood pressure (from 120/80 to 130/80);
  • 1 Stage of hypertension (from 130/80 to 140/90);
  • 2 Stage of hypertension (from 140/90 and higher);
  • 3 Stage of hypertension (180/120 and higher).

Individuals turning to the doctors when their BP is elevated or at least when they have stage 1 hypertension may be successfully treated. In some cases, this process may go even without using any medicines, only lifestyle changes. However, the ailment that has progressed to the second or even third stage may be managed with the pills exclusively.

What may cause the rise of the blood pressure?
All triggers of developing hypertension may be divided into those, which are caused naturally and those evolved due to wrong life choices or underlying health conditions.

Among the first group of causes are:

  • Age;
  • Ethnicity;
  • Gender;
  • High blood pressure running in the family;
  • Weather influence.

To the second group belong:

  • Excessive body mass and obesity;
  • Lack of physical activity;
  • Alcohol drinking;
  • Smoking;
  • Continuous stresses;
  • High cholesterol levels;
  • Heart disease (it may be both the cause and the result of unstable blood pressure);
  • Diabetes.

These are only some of the possible reasons for raised blood pressure. Your healthcare provider may tell you more on this matter.

What are the signals of hypertension?
To cope with the problem, you have to notice the early symptoms of hypertension. It may give you a possibility to start the treatment when the disease only develops. Among the “first bells” of hypertension are:

  • Chronic headaches. This symptom is most frequent in patients suffering from hypertension;
  • Nasal bleedings. The blood vessels in the nose may not cope with the pressure of blood affecting them.
  • Bloodspots in one or both eyes. The same as with the nose, excessive pressure of blood may result in blood spots in the eyes.
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, bloating);
  • Vision changes. Influence of the blood pressure on the optical nerve situated behind the eye may cause blurred vision;
  • Pain in chest, changes in the heart rhythm. The heart is working under load in people with hypertension. Hence, you may feel it pumping stronger.
  • Breathlessness. Alterations in the work of the heart may lead to lack of oxygen;
  • Signs of a panic attack. Excessive sweating, flushes and increased nervousness may speak about high blood pressure.
  • Feeling cold. The tension in the blood vessels makes them contract, so the peripheral blood flow may worsen. Cold hands or feet may mean that your blood pressure numbers are too high.

Whatever the symptoms you have, turn to your doctor for a medical help. He or she may give you some pieces of advice on how to cope with your ailment and prescribe antihypertensive medication if needed. However, if you feel unwell and your symptoms get worse, seek emergency help. Remember, hypertension may be life-threatening and result in a heart attack or stroke, so never delay the treatment.